Skip to main content

Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

See other formats


{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl1620\margr4928\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn3517\margrsxn4957\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw2030\colsr1490\colno2\colw720 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 EXTENT OF EMPIRE}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb11\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 171}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1620\margrsxn4928\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li101\fi464\ri0\sb212\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 The inscriptions of Asoka at Girnar and Sopara \expndtw0 (Thana district) definitively point to his jurisdiction over \expndtw6 Saurastra and the south-western regions. Besides, we also know from the Jutiagadh rock inscription of \expndtw4 Rudradaman that Yavanaraja Tusaspa\super 1\nosupersub  was Asoka's Viceroy in Saurastra.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li79\fi464\ri22\sb7\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 In the north, Asoka's authority extended up to the \expndtw2 Himalaya mountains. This is apparent from his edicts, \expndtw3 which have been found at Kalsi (Dehradun district), \expndtw8 Rummindei and Nigliva (Nepalese Tarai). Tradition \expndtw7 also attributes to Asoka the foundation of Lalitapatan \expndtw8 in Nepal, where he went with his daughter Carumati \expndtw4 and her husband Devapala Ksatriya.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi540\ri14\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw11\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Eastwards, Bengal was comprised within his \expndtw7 empire. Yuan Chwang noticed several Asokan \i Stupas \i0\expndtw1 in the different parts of Bengal, and according to legends \expndtw6 As"oka went as far as Tamralipti (Tamluk) to see his son and daughter \i off \i0 to Ceylon.\super 2\nosupersub  Kalinga, which was \expndtw8 'the only conquest of the Emperor, was, of course, included. Here he got two edicts inscribed\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 one at \expndtw4 Dhaull (Puri district) and the other at Jaugada (Ganjam \expndtw0 district).}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li54\fi475\ri29\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Towards the south, Asoka's rock inscriptions have been discovered in Maski and Iragudi in the Nizam's \expndtw2 dominions, and Chitaldroog district in Mysore. Beyond \expndtw13 this, there were the independent kingdoms of the \expndtw4 Colas, the Pandyas, the Satiyaputras, and the Kerala-\expndtw5 putras (R. E. 11).}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li50\fi212\ri36\sb4\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 \'95\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0  R. E. V and XIII mention certain subject peoples, \expndtw8 that lived in the outlying provinces. They were the \expndtw3 Yonas, Kambojas, Gandharas, Rastika-Petenikas., Bho-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li25\fi392\ri0\sb238\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx540 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 1{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\i\expndtw3 Ep. Ind., VIII, \i0 p. 46.   Tusaspa sounds an Iranian name, al\-\line \expndtw-1 though he has been called a Yavana.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li25\fi392\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx540 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw7 The inclusion of Bengal in the Mauryan  Empire further\line \expndtw3 receives some confirmation from the Mahasthan (Bogra district)\line \expndtw2 Pillar Inscription, engraved in Brahmi characters of the Mauryan\line \expndtw0 period (see \i Ep. Ind.> \i0 XXI, April, 1931, pp. 83 f).}\par }